Perlbrew is a tool to manage multiple perl installations in your home directory. They are completely isolated perl installations. See the perlbrew homepage is at https://perlbrew.pl.
Run the following command to download and install perlbrew:
curl -L https://install.perlbrew.pl | bash
$ curl -L https://install.perlbrew.pl | bash % Total % Received % Xferd Average Speed Time Time Time Current Dload Upload Total Spent Left Speed 100 1410 100 1410 0 0 1284 0 0:00:01 0:00:01 --:--:-- 1284 Installing perlbrew Using Perl </usr/bin/perl> perlbrew is installed: ~/perl5/perlbrew/bin/perlbrew perlbrew root (~/perl5/perlbrew) is initialized. Append the following piece of code to the end of your `~/.bash_profile and start a new shell, perlbrew should be up and fully functional from there: source ~/perl5/perlbrew/etc/bashrc Simply run `perlbrew` for usage details. Happy brewing! Done.
Init and Edit .bashrc¶
Now according to the install instructions you need to do a “once off”,
$ perlbrew init Perlbrew environment initiated, required directories are created under ~/perl5/perlbrew Paste the following line(s) to the end of your ~/.bashrc and start a new shell, perlbrew should be up and fully functional from there: source ~/perl5/perlbrew/etc/bashrc For further instructions, simply run `perlbrew` to see the help message. Enjoy perlbrew at $HOME!
and as it suggested above you can add the source line to your ~/.bashrc file. If you do not wish to add this line to your .bashrc then you can just run that line before you wish to use your Perl brew either at the command line or in your PBS scripts i.e.
$ source ~/perl5/perlbrew/etc/bashrc
Note: If you install another local perl system like “Linux Brew” you probably do not want to have this source line in your ~/.bashrc.
Example, Installing a Perlbrew Perl Instance¶
List what perl instances are available. Note that odd numbered perl versions like perl-5.27.6 are development versions! You should use an even numbered version like perl-5.34.0.
$ perlbrew available perl-5.35.3 perl-5.34.0 perl-5.32.1 perl-5.30.3 perl-5.28.3 perl-5.26.3 perl-5.24.4 perl-5.22.4 perl-5.20.3 perl-5.18.4 perl-5.16.3 perl-5.14.4 perl-5.12.5 perl-5.10.1 perl-5.8.9 perl-5.6.2 perl5.005_03 perl5.004_05 # cperl cperl-5.30.0-RC1 cperl-5.30.0
Lets install perl-5.34.0 – the latest stable release.
If there are problems the install instructions say to use
perlbrew -v install perl-xx.yy.z
but I found that the install would still fail. The suggestion to use force i.e.
perlbrew --force install perl-5.34.0 also might fail. The solution is to use
See reference at end.
$ perlbrew install perl-5.34.0 --notest Fetching perl-5.34.0 as /shared/homes/xxxxxx/perl5/perlbrew/dists/perl-5.34.0.tar.gz Installing /shared/homes/xxxxxx/perl5/perlbrew/build/perl-5.34.0 into ~/perl5/perlbrew/perls/perl-5.34.0 ...... This could take a while. You can run the following command on another shell to track the status: tail -f ~/perl5/perlbrew/build.log Installed /shared/homes/xxxxxx/perl5/perlbrew/build/perl-5.34.0 as perl-5.34.0 successfully. Run the following command to switch to it. perlbrew switch perl-5.34.0
The install really does take a long time ..... Once it is finished you can list what perls you have installed with:
$ perlbrew list perl-5.34.0 perl-5.12.3 $
To use an installed perl just type
perlbrew switch perl_version:
$ which perl /usr/bin/perl $ perlbrew switch perl-5.34.0 $ which perl ~/perl5/perlbrew/perls/perl-5.34.0/bin/perl $
To return to your original perl use
$ perlbrew off perlbrew is switched off. Please exit this shell and start a new one to make it effective. To immediately make it effective, run this line in this terminal: exec /bin/bash $ which perl /usr/bin/perl $
If you just want to play with a version of Perl in the current shell, just use this command:
perlbrew use perl-5.34.0
perlbrew list will indicate which perl is currently in effect.
Remember to get help just type:
Installing Perl Modules within Perlbrew¶
We will need to install cpanm to manage your perl modules. Perlbrew comes with an
option to do that for us. This just installs
$ perlbrew install-cpanm
Set a useful Bash Prompt
.bashrc set your PS1 variable like this:
PS1="`perlbrew list | grep \* | tr -d ' '`$ "
Now your bash prompt will show the version of Perl that is in effect.